The latter conceptualization is typically used as the modern clinical concept and assessed by the Psychopathy Checklist. Efforts have therefore been made to clarify the meaning of the term. Low fear including stress-tolerance, toleration of unfamiliarity and danger, and high self-confidence and social assertiveness. Similar to PPI Fearless dominance.
Abstract Evidence suggests that the combination of the interpersonal-affective F1 and impulsive-antisocial F2 features of psychopathy may be associated with borderline personality disorder BPDspecifically among women e.
However, empirical research explicitly examining gendered relationships between BPD and psychopathy factors is lacking. To further inform this area of research, we investigated the hypothesis that the interplay between the two psychopathy factors is associated with BPD among women across two studies.
The interpersonal-affective F1 and impulsiveantisocial psychopathy F2 scores, measured with self-report and clinician-rated indices, respectively, were entered as explanatory variables in regression analyses to investigate their unique contributions to BPD traits.
Across two independent samples, results indicated that the interaction of high F1 and F2 psychopathy scores was associated with BPD in women. This association was found to be specific to women in Study 1. These results suggest that BPD and psychopathy, at least as they are measured by current instruments, overlap in women and, accordingly, may reflect gender-differentiated phenotypic expressions of similar dispositional vulnerabilities.
Individuals with psychopathic tendencies generally engage in callous and manipulative behavior toward the exploitation of others and exhibit a wide spectrum of antisocial and impulsive behaviors. Although psychopathy is typically represented as a unitary construct, current conceptualizations of the disorder also support its heterogeneity in terms of subtypes e.
However, much of the literature informing the heterogeneity of psychopathy has predominantly focused on male populations e. Thus, potential gender differences in manifestations of psychopathy are not well understood.
With the reintroduction of psychopathy as a personality disorder type i. One important gap in the extant literature pertains to whether and to what extent psychopathic traits may manifest differentially as a function of gender.
This is, in part, due to the admittedly sparse literature regarding the overlaps and distinctions between BPD and psychopathy among women cf. Nonetheless, examining the relationship between BPD and psychopathy in both male and female samples is an important area of research, as these two disorders are associated with similar symptoms e.
As such, the present paper reports on two studies that seek to advance the literature on female-relevant manifestations of psychopathy by examining the interrelationships between psychopathy factors and BPD with attention to potential gender differences Study 1 and in a large sample of female offenders Study 2.
Although a variety of typological theories exist regarding the heterogeneity of psychopathy, most common are those which have posited that the disorder can be disaggregated into primary and secondary subtypes Skeem et al.
In contrast, the manipulative and callous traits present in secondary psychopathy are thought to arise indirectly as a means of coping with environmental stressors e. Although primary psychopathy is theoretically linked with correlates of F1 e. In the present paper, we suggest that the two factors interact in the context of secondary psychopathy to account for BPD, specifically among women.
Recent research examining the relationship between psychopathy and BPD has found that the F2 traits of psychopathy are more closely associated with BPD than are F1 traits Miller et al.
It makes conceptual sense that the F2 traits associated with psychopathy would relate to BPD, as evidenced by their parallels in affective instability, reactive aggression, and impulsivity.
However, psychopaths nonetheless exhibit both F1 and F2 traits. It may appear counterintuitive that F1 traits would characterize BPD as well, as these traits bear poor resemblance to BPD, a disorder marked by extreme levels of emotionality.The Psychopathic Personality Inventory, Short Form (PPI-S; Lilienfeld & Andrews, ) is a item questionnaire designed to measure psychopathic characteristics in non-criminal populations.
Unlike the PCL, the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI) was developed to comprehensively index personality traits without explicitly referring to antisocial or criminal behaviors themselves.
It is a self-report scale that was developed originally for non-clinical samples (e.g. university students) rather than prisoners, though may be used with the .
A short, sharp look into the 10 personality disorders. In clarifying the personality traits that characterize psychopathy, scientists can contribute to prevention and treatment strategies that improve public health and safety.
“In short, research on psychopathy has evolved to a level that it can greatly improve on the current, ‘one size fits all’ policy approach,” concludes Skeem. Proper classification is crucial to the efficient and safe operation of any prison facility. Offenders are heterogeneous, and possess a variety of behavioural styles and treatment needs, in .
The spiritual cause of a psychopathic personality TOPICS: Lack of respect for free will - epic mindset - characteristics of a psychopath - no longer sees difference between perception and reality - violates others in order to steal their light - takes many lifetimes to become a psychopath - many psychopaths not so extreme and thus avoid detection - 10 % of population are psychopaths - people.