First, he demonstrates that all of our complex ideas are formed out of simpler ideas, which were themselves formed on the basis of impressions we received through our senses. Therefore, ideas are not fundamentally different from experiences. Based on these two claims, Hume attacks metaphysical systems used to prove the existence of God, the soul, divine creation, and other such ideas.
Early Life David Hume was born into a middle-class family, but his father died when he was quite young; this left him, as the second son, with a patrimony of fifty pounds per year and a precarious living. He went to Edinburgh University with his older brother at the early age of twelve, and after three years of study he left without taking a degree, as was the custom at the time.
Hume spent the next three years reading the Greek and Roman classics rather than the legal tomes he was supposed to master for a career in the law. The work was not congenial, and he was named in a paternity suit as well. He therefore went to France inwhere his fifty pounds would enable him to live more comfortably and where he could read and study more widely.
The most common view until the mid-twentieth century was that Hume was attempting to undermine or subvert the philosophies of John Locke and George Berkeley. Recent scholarship, however, has suggested that Hume was attempting to apply the Newtonian model developed in natural philosophy now known as physics to moral philosophy.
After the failure of A Treatise of Human Nature, Hume wrote political essays which were more successful and more lucrative, but he still needed a permanent position. He was encouraged to apply for the vacant professor of ethics position at Edinburgh University.
Hume defended his position in a pamphlet and accepted a position as tutor to the mad Marquess of Annandale. During these years he rewrote A Treatise of Human Nature to clarify certain positions and to tone down others that had offended some readers.
The result of these revisions was published as Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding in Hume is not as direct in his rejection of the The entire section is 2, words.CHAPTER TWO: HUME’S LIFE AND THE INTELLECTUAL INFLUENCES ON HIM.
Hume’s life and works. Intellectual influences on David Hume. The method to be adopted in this work is that of critical study. As the work is on David Hume’s empiricism, the method will therefore be, first of all to present a general overview of empiricism.
David Hume, His Life & Work v / TOC (4 chapters) / 01 feb 18 / greg goebel * In , David Hume, a bookish year-old Scotsman, dropped what he was doing in Britain and went off to France to "think things over".
Living frugally and devoting himself to study and writing, he returned after three years with a hefty manuscript under his arm. In this analysis of Hume's life and works, from his university days in Edinburgh to the rapturous reception of his "History of England," Nicholas Phillipson reveals the gradual process by which one of the greatest Western philosophers turned himself into one of the greatest historians of Britain.
HUME, DAVID (), considered by many the finest anglophone philosopher, one of the first fully modern secular minds, and, along with Adam Smith, the leading light of the Scottish Enlightenment, was the author of four major philosophical works and numerous essays.
Hume "I was from the beginning scandalised, I must own, with this resemblance between the Deity and human creatures." --Philo David Hume wrote much about the subject of religion, much of it negative. David Hume ( - ) (which remains somewhat unexplained and mysterious) that led him to devote the next ten years of his life to a concentrated period of study, reading and writing, almost to the verge of a nervous breakdown.
in works such as "An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.