Pointing to the diversity of accepted behavior within diverse societies, Benedict famously concludes:
There are no two people in the world that have the exact same set of beliefs. However, we can generally group people An analysis of cultural relativism based on culture. Typically, people that are from the same area will hold similar beliefs. This fact is a huge part of Cultural Relativism. Along with that, Cultural Relativism also says that because all of the cultures in the world live by different rules, it is impossible to know which beliefs are right and which ones are wrong.
I can say from personal experience that I know that cultures can radically differ from each other.
In high school, my family hosted two foreign exchange students — one from Sweden and one from Spain. At the time, some of their customs were unbelievable to me.
Neither one of them were Christian, and that was really shocking for me. I am from a small town in Nebraska where basically everyone is religious and goes to church, so I had never really met an atheist before. I literally could not wrap my mind around the fact that where they were from, almost nobody practiced religion.
Since then, I have opened my mind a lot. Having them live with us made me realize that people including myself, at the time think that the entire world is exactly like where they are from, when in reality there is so much diversity out there.
Going along with that, I am a huge believer in the fact that how you were raised and your surroundings form your beliefs. A great example of this is nude beaches. I, along with probably everyone else from our culture, would never imagine going to a nude beach with our families. To us, that is appalling because we grew up in a society that does not approve of that.
To me, that is very naive and completely proves the whole point of cultural relativism.
For example, if he lived years ago, he would most likely be okay with slavery. Rachels discussed that there are at least two overall rules for all cultures — truth telling and prohibition on murder. First of all, murder was not always a bad thing.
Slaves were beaten to death and murdered, and nobody cared. Also, hundreds of years ago, dueling was legal. Two guys might get mad at each other for some stupid reason and they would end up fighting to the death. I think that truth is more of a personal virtue than a label for an entire group of people.
He argues that even though our beliefs are totally different, our values are similar. For example, imagine a culture that believes it is wrong to eat cows. You might think that they have a completely different set of values than our own. We would never eat our mom, dad, grandma, etc.
We are disagreeing with the fact that the cow is or could be a loved one In another example, Rachels talked about how people dispose of their dead. The Greeks cremate their people, while the Callatians eat their people. If you asked a Greek person if they would ever eat their dead father, they would be mortified, and if you asked a Callatian to burn him, they too would be disgusted But if you look at the big picture, both are trying to show respect.
The Callatians eat their dead because they believe they are keeping the dead with them by putting them in their bodies, while the Greeks believe they are putting them to rest by cremating them. For example, going back to dueling — there is no moral value behind it. In the above examples, different cultures are trying to achieve the same value respect for the deadbut in different ways and through different beliefs.
Dueling is pretty much straight violence out of anger, and that is something that is not accepted at all in our culture. In conclusion, cultures are all very different, but a lot of them are inspired by the same motives and values.
I read this document out of this book this is where my citations come from: An Introductory Anthology, Fourth Edition. Document is originally from:Moral Relativism Explained Gilbert Harman Princeton University June 19, Abstract Moralrelativism,asIunderstandit,istheclaimthatthereisnota tic relativism is the obviously correct view that the (linguistic) meaning, if any, of a certain sequence of sounds is relative to a language.
(David-. cross-cultural differences in relativism and idealism.
|Federico Lenzerini||The increasing exchange of ideas and international commerce has also introduced new questions concerning the legitimacy of cultural relativism in justifying acceptance of behaviors and practices in other societies that may be regarded as inappropriate, aberrant and even life-threatening. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature including essays by Ruth Benedict and James Rachels concerning moral relativism to identify arguments for and against cultural relativism, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.|
|College Life||This thought, which he calls the Cultural Differences Argument, is a non sequitur fallacy- the conclusion does not necessarily follow from the premise.|
We based our hypotheses on more general the-oretical analyses of how cultures compare in terms of Since no effects were signiﬁcant in the analysis of relativism, measurement variables were ignored.
Rachels takes cultural relativism to be “a theory about the nature of morality.” (p. 19) He then goes on to show that at the heart of CR (Rachels’ def.) is a certain form of argument.
Rachels then shows that the argument is invalid. Even if the premise is true, the conclusion doesn’t follow. Relativism (Text copyright by Theodore Gracyk).
Ruth Benedict (), an anthropologist, argues that science forces us to accept ethical relativism. Pointing to the diversity of accepted behavior within diverse societies, Benedict famously concludes. The story of an eyewitness essay punjabi culture essay in punjabi language translator as you sow as you reap essays thomas jefferson conclusion for essay social network good or bad essay writing flames of the tiger essay filmische narrative essay sleep reflective essay introduction essay on persuasive arguments.
Essay on provision grounds during slavery. In short, cultural relativism implies that no cultural values have any objective, universal validity, and it would be arrogant for one culture to make moral judgments about other cultures.
The thesis of diversity is descriptive; it describes the way things are.