The specific problem is:
North Yemen became independent from the Ottoman Empire in The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in from what became South Yemen.
Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states.
The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in was quickly subdued. InSaudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to delineate their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and the Huthis, a Zaydi Shia Muslim minority, continued intermittently from to The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities.
In Aprilthe Gulf Cooperation Council GCCin an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed the GGC Initiative, an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution.
The UN Security Council passed Resolution in October calling for an end to the violence and completing a power transfer deal. HADI concluded the NDC in January and planned to begin implementing subsequent steps in the transition process, including constitutional drafting, a constitutional referendum, and national elections.
The Huthis, perceiving their grievances were not addressed in the NDC, joined forces with SALIH and expanded their influence in northwestern Yemen, culminating in a major offensive against military units and rival tribes and enabling their forces to overrun the capital, Sanaa, in September He subsequently escaped to Oman and then moved to Saudi Arabia and asked the GCC to intervene militarily in Yemen to protect the legitimate government from the Huthis.
In March, Saudi Arabia assembled a coalition of Arab militaries and began airstrikes against the Huthis and Huthi-affiliated forces. Ground fighting between Huthi-aligned forces and resistance groups backed by the Saudi-led coalition continued through Inthe UN brokered a months-long cessation of hostilities that reduced airstrikes and fighting, and initiated peace talks in Kuwait.
However, the talks ended without agreement.
Further attempts at peace have failed while neither side has made decisive battlefield gains, perpetuating the conflict and deepening the divisions between northern and southern Yemen.A global understanding: Methodology for religion and demography.
A third paper published in the new journal provides the methodology behind the Pew Research Global Religious Landscape Study published in , the most thorough demographic analysis to date of global religious populations. The study, based on more than 2, censuses, surveys and population registers, found that 84% of the .
Jun 01, · Canada and the United States are rich countries, with similar mean per capita incomes, at USD 43, and USD 47,, respectively, in They are near the top of the international income ranking, after the Scandinavian countries and a few other small countries in the west and north of Europe (Luxembourg, Switzerland and the Netherlands).
The suspense An analysis on the country bulgaria and the brief statistics of the demography Noam channeled Yorick decolorized an analysis on the racial discrimination and .
Mar 19, · How many Copts are there?
or, More on questionable population figures The Copts, Egypt's Christian minority with a population numbering in the millions, has taken on a fair amount of importance in recent years as the largest non-Muslim religious minority in the Middle East, in the Middle Eastern and Arab country with the largest population and.
Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Belarus, The Statistical Yearbook is the most comprehensive publication of the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus which reflects phenomena and processes occurring in the economic and social life of the country.
Contains the electronic versions of 80 books previously published in hard copy as part of the Country Studies Series by the Federal Research Division. Intended for a general audience, books in the series present a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of select countries throughout the world.