The Middle Ages In terms of diseasethe Middle Ages can be regarded as beginning with the plague of and ending with the Black Death bubonic plague of Diseases in epidemic proportions included leprosy, bubonic plaguesmallpoxtuberculosisscabies, erysipelas, anthrax, trachoma, sweating sicknessand dancing mania see infection. The isolation of persons with communicable diseases first arose in response to the spread of leprosy.
Not just because it marks the end of the Western Roman Empire, but also because it marks the beginning of the period known as the Middle Ages. Well, the Roman Empire was seen by historians as a glorious period in human history when civilization made great advances in science, art, medicine, and engineering.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire came a period of cultural and economic decay in which many Roman cities were abandoned and much of the learning and knowledge of the Romans was lost in the confusion which followed. Wars, famine, disease and pestilence were common occurrences with the only stable influence being the Catholic Church.
This unfortunate situation continued until the beginning of the Renaissance in the 15th century. Thus the Middle Ages are the period of history between the Fall of the Western Roman Empire in AD and the intellectual revolution of the Renaissance in the 15th century.
Ok students, instead of beating you over the head with tons of dates and names which you will, no doubt forget, I will confine myself to several major themes to make things easier to understand and hopefully remember.
First, lets start with the Christian religion. Christianity is a monotheistic religion which developed in the 1st century AD in the Roman Empire. So, monotheistic simply means that Christians worship only one godknown as Jehovah.
This may not sound strange to you but you have to understand that in the 1st century AD nearly every religion was polytheistic. This new idea of worshipping one god was slow to gain acceptance amongst the Roman people.
This introduction, although not comprehensive, is designed to assist students without a background or appreciation of Medieval history. After reading these tutorials, you should have a understanding of the economic, political, religious and intellectual environment of the Middle Ages in Europe. Introduction In this webquest, you are going to learn about innovations during the Middle Ages. Specifically, you will be looking at how knights in the Middle Ages developed and used a weapon called a trebuchet to knock down castle walls. Introduction HIS History of Western Civilization to Middle Ages Lesson 5 Quiz This assignment is worth a total of 60 points. Please make sure you have answered all questions prior to submitting.
Most Romans paid little attention to this new religion and many probably thought of it as just another undesirable offshoot of Judaism. Judaism was tolerated but not popular in ancient Rome. The Roman occupation of Palestine led to conflict with Jews and even a Jewish Revolt which left many Jews worse off than they were before the rebellion.
Christianity gained popular attention because Roman authorities attempted to suppress it. This was because Christians refused to follow the official Roman religion nor did they accept the idea that the emperor was divine.
This led to much trouble for early Christians and many paid for their religious devotion with their lives. In the 1st and 2nd centuries Christians were periodically arrested and harassed by the Roman authorities but this was mild in comparison to what followed in the 3rd century. You may recall that the Roman Empire was gradually declining under the threat of barbarian invasions and internal divisions at this time.
Many people looked for someone to blame for all of these troubles and the Christians made a convenient scapegoat. It is when we blame someone else for our troubles instead of accepting the blame ourselves. Roman citizens, encouraged by government propaganda, placed the blame for all of their troubles on Christians because Christians refused to worship Roman gods.
The offended gods were now punishing the Romans for not punishing the Christians. Christians were stripped of their rights as citizens, their religious texts were collected and burned and they were banned from gathering together to worship.
Christians serving in the Roman armies were given a chance to conform or face being forced out of the ranks. In some cases, Christians who refused to worship Roman gods were burned alive.
Others were sent to the grand arenas where they be forced to fight in the bloody public contests against well-trained gladiators or even in some cases against wild animals like lions or bears.
All in all, it was a bad time to be a Christian. However, these violent persecutions did little to halt the spread of Christianity.
The empire as we have already mentioned was in decline. Burning Christians did not halt the process. In fact, many people began to turn away from the Roman gods who had clearly let them down.
Other religions became popular but Christianity eventually became the dominant religion of the empire under Emperor Constantinewho as you may recall, moved the capital to Byzantium in AD.
Under his successors, Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire and Rome became the center of the new state religion.
The early Christian church became the dominant influence in the lives of ordinary people as the empire collapsed. It was the one stable organization in a world where everything else was unstable. Governments rose and fell but the church remained constant. One of the most significant developments in the early church was the development of monasteries.
Monasteries were places where more devout priests could go to escape the temptation of worldly influences and focus more on their relationship with God. One of the first monasteries was formed by St.
He had three very simple rules for those who wanted to share his lifestyle: Benedictine monks as his followers became known did not spend their time simply praying or studying the bible.
Some would farm, others would cultivate medicinal herbs and some would spend their time copying ancient manuscripts.A history of Europe during the Middle Ages including its people, rulers, government, culture, wars and contributions to modern civilization The Early Middle Ages, Introduction.
By the middle of the seventh century the Frankish state had lost many of. The Middle Ages William Chester Jordan, ed. New York: Scribner's, This encyclopedia of the Middle Ages will answer all of your questions about this time in history. Introduction Muslim history during the Middle Ages shaped the countries of the Middle East today by its religion, trade and law.
The Middle East is used to describe a region of countries in southwest Asia and a part of North Africa. During the middle ages, leather armor, particularly in the early Middle Ages, was one of the most popular types of armor to be used. In the later stages of the Middle Ages, leather became less popular.
Scribd es red social de lectura y publicación más importante del mundo. Middle Ages Essay; Middle Ages Essay.
Fashion in the Middle Ages. Words | 5 Pages Comparisons of middle Ages and renaissance Introduction Middle Ages were the most devastated and dark periods that Europeans had ever experienced. These periods were worse after one another. Music History thru the Middle Ages, Rennisance, Baroque, etc.