Her surname is sometimes erroneously given as Porter. Immanuel Kant believed that his paternal grandfather Hans Kant was of Scottish origin. He was brought up in a Pietist household that stressed religious devotion, humility, and a literal interpretation of the Bible. He never married, but seemed to have a rewarding social life — he was a popular teacher and a modestly successful author even before starting on his major philosophical works.
Interestingly, Kant acknowledged that he had despised the ignorant masses until he read Rousseau and came to appreciate the worth that exists in every human being.
For other reasons too, Kant is part of the tradition deriving from both Spinoza and Rousseau.
Like his… Background and early years Kant lived in the remote province where he was born for his entire life. His father, a saddler, was, according to Kant, a descendant of a Scottish immigrant, although scholars have found no basis for this claim; his mother, an uneducated German woman, was remarkable for her character and natural intelligence.
Both parents were devoted followers of the Pietist branch of the Lutheran churchwhich taught that religion belongs to the inner life expressed in simplicity and obedience to moral law.
The influence of their pastor made it possible for Kant—the fourth of nine children but the eldest surviving child—to obtain an education.
At the age of eight Kant entered the Pietist school that his pastor directed. This was a Latin school, and it was presumably during the eight and a half years he was there that Kant acquired his lifelong love for the Latin classics, especially for the naturalistic poet Lucretius.
But, although he attended courses in theology and even preached on a few occasions, he was principally attracted to mathematics and physics. Though by that time he had decided to pursue an academic career, the death of his father in and his failure to obtain the post of undertutor in one of the schools attached to the university compelled him to withdraw and seek a means of supporting himself.There is no aspect of modern Western philosophy that does not bear the influence of Immanuel Kant.
Without ever leaving the vicinity of his hometown of Königsberg, the philosopher changed the course of ethics, moral philosophy, metaphysics, and aesthetics.
Emmanuel Lévinas: Emmanuel Lévinas, Lithuanian-born French philosopher renowned for his powerful critique of the preeminence of ontology (the philosophical study of being) in the history of Western philosophy, particularly in the work of the German philosopher Martin Heidegger (–).
Lévinas began his studies. Kant: From The Great Philosophers, Volume 1 [Karl Jaspers] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A masterful exploration of Kant’s intellectual development, theory of knowledge, politics. Immanuel Kant (–) is the central figure in modern philosophy.
He synthesized early modern rationalism and empiricism, set the terms for much of nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy, and continues to exercise a significant influence today in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, and other fields.
Biography of Immanuel Kant Widely considered one of the most important philosophers to have ever lived, Immanuel Kant was born in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in His father was a harness maker; the members of the Kant household were strict Lutherans, and followers of the Pietist movement—a form of Lutheranism .
Immanuel Kant () Kant's most original contribution to philosophy is his "Copernican Revolution," that, as he puts it, it is the representation that makes the object possible rather than the object that makes the representation possible [§14, A92/B, note].This introduced the human mind as an active originator of experience rather than just a passive recipient of perception.