An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse".
F in Vietnam It really bothers me that a coward like George W. Bush spent the Vietnam War training to fly old and useless planes in Texas while John Kerry was heroically risking his life in combat and got three purple hearts!
The aircraft he was ultimately trained to fly was the F Delta Daggerpopularly known as "the Deuce. Furthermore, the F was deployed to Vietnam throughout most of the conflict, and the aircraft proved its value early by deterring North Vietnamese pilots from crossing the border to attack the South.
Perhaps more importantly, the F and its Air National Guard pilots performed a vital role in defending the continental United States from nuclear attack. The primary mission of the aircraft was to intercept columns of Soviet nuclear bombers attempting to reach targets in the US and destroy them with air-to-air missiles.
The technologies incorporated into the aircraft were state-of-the-art for the day. The F set many firsts, including the first all-weather delta-winged combat aircraft, the first fighter capable of maintaining supersonic speed in level flight, and the first interceptor to have an armament entirely of missiles.
Among the many innovations incorporated into the design were the use of the area rule to reduce aerodynamic drag and an advanced electronic fire control system capable of guiding the aircraft to a target and automatically launching its missiles.
About 1, Delta Daggers were built making the type one of the most widely built fighters of its era. Even when supplemented by the related and improved F Delta Dartthe F remained one of the most important aircraft in the ADC through the mids.
At its peak, the Deuce made up over half of the interceptors operated by the ADC and equipped 32 squadrons across the continental US. Additional squadrons were based in western Europe, the Pacific, and Alaska. These planes were given responsibility for patrolling the Texas Gulf Coast and intercepting Soviet aircraft based in Cuba that regularly flew off the US shore to test American defenses.
The th was and still is part of the th Fighter Wing in Houston, Texas. It was here that George W. Bush was stationed following his enlistment in May However, pilots from the th Fighter Interceptor Group, as it was called at the time, were actually conducting combat missions in Vietnam when Bush enlisted.
It was during this time that the Kennedy administration began building up a large US military presence in the region as a deterrent against North Vietnamese invasion.
The planes were typically used for fighter defense patrols and as escorts for B bomber raids. The F was considered one of the most useful air defense aircraft in theater because it had the fastest response time of any fighter stationed in South Vietnam.
Since North Vietnamese pilots generally avoided combat with their American counterparts, the F had few opportunities to engage in its primary role of air combat. However, the Deuce was adapted for close air support starting in Though the F had not been designed for this type of combat, the plane was surprisingly effective and pilots often reported secondary explosions coming from their targets.
An Aviation Week article of the period credited the th FIS, an F squadron stationed in Vietnam, with destroying buildings, damaging 59 more, sinking 16 sampans, and destroying one bridge during sorties over the course of 45 days.
Rows of F fighters stationed at Tan Son Nhut in Vietnam in These close air support missions were also quite dangerous since they required low-level flight over armed ground troops.
A total of 15 F fighters were lost in Vietnam. Three were shot down by anti-aircraft or small arms fire, one was lost in air-to-air combat with a MiGfour were destroyed on the ground during Viet Cong mortar attacks, and the remainder succumbed to accidents.
These factors have traditionally been two of the primary disadvantages of delta wing aircraft and explain why the pure delta wing design was later abandoned.
Luckily, F operators overcame these deficiencies thanks to good pilot training and control lockouts that prevented the plane from reaching extreme conditions, and the F went on to become one of the safer fighters of its day.
For example, compare the F at 4. Camouflaged F interceptors on patrol over South Vietnam While these accidents occurred during routine patrol and training flights, F pilots endured further risk while serving under combat conditions in Vietnam.
This program was instituted because the Air Force lacked sufficient pilots of its own for duty in Vietnam but was unable to activate ANG units since Presidents Johnson and Nixon had decided not to do so for political reasons.
Thanks to Palace Alert, the Air Force was able to transfer much-needed National Guard pilots to Vietnam on a voluntary basis while not actually calling up their squadrons. However, the two were told by their flight instructor, Maj.
Maurice Udell, that they were not yet qualified since they were still in training and did not have the hours of flight experience required. Furthermore, ANG veteran Col. William Campenni, who was a fellow pilot in the th FIS at the time, told the Washington Times that Palace Alert had stopped accepting new applicants before Bush would have been eligible.
After being accepted into the ANG, Airman Basic Bush was selected to attend pilot training even though his test scores were the lowest acceptable for that position.
Bush trained aboard were the T Mescelero propeller-driven basic trainer, T Tweet primary jet trainer, and the T Talon advanced jet trainer. Bush ranked 22 out of 53 students in his flight school class with a grade of 88 on total airmanship.
His scores included for flying without navigational instruments, 89 in flight planning, and 98 in aviation physiology.
Bush also completed two weeks of survival training during this period. TF trainer Bush then returned to Ellington in Texas to complete seven months of combat crew training on the F from December to June The military history of France during World War II covers three periods.
From until , which witnessed a war against Germany by the French Third ashio-midori.com period from until , which saw competition between Vichy France and the Free French Forces under General Charles de Gaulle for control of the overseas empire.
And , witnessing the landings of the Allies in France. An essay has been defined in a variety of ways.
One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". It is difficult to define the genre into which essays fall.
From Pre-Columbian to the New Millennium. The word history comes from the Greek word historía which means "to learn or know by inquiry." In the pieces that follow, we encourage you to probe, dispute, dig deeper — inquire.
History is not static. Military Intelligence is a division of military the purpose of which is to exploit the number of information collected and analysis techniques in Published: Fri, 13 Jul Role of the Military . IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history.
AP’s high school United States History course is a rigorous, college-level class that provides an opportunity to gain skills colleges recognize.