Casual Acquaintances … and so many more.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message Variations in the operational definitions of how to count the words can occur namely, what "counts as" a word, and which words "don't count" toward the total.
However, especially since the advent of widespread word processingthere is a broad consensus on these operational definitions and hence the bottom-line integer result. The consensus is to accept the text segmentation rules generally found in most word processing software including how word boundaries are determined, which depends on how word dividers are defined.
The first trait of that definition is that a space any of various whitespace characterssuch as a "regular" word space, an em spaceor a tab character is a word divider.
Usually a hyphen or a slash is, too.
Different word counting programs may give varying results, depending on the text segmentation rule details, and on whether words outside the main text such as footnotesendnotesor hidden text are counted.
But the behavior of most major word processing applications is broadly similar. However, during the era when school assignments were done in handwriting or with typewritersthe rules for these definitions often differed from today's consensus.
Most importantly, many students were drilled on the rule that "certain words don't count", usually articles namely, "a", "an", "the"but sometimes also others, such as conjunctions for example, "and", "or", "but" and some prepositions usually "to", "of".
Hyphenated permanent compounds such as "follow-up" noun or "long-term" adjective were counted as one word. To save the time and effort of counting word-by-word, often a rule of thumb for the average number of words per line was used, such as 10 words per line.
These "rules" have fallen by the wayside in the word processing era; the "word count" feature of such software which follows the text segmentation rules mentioned earlier is now the standard arbiter, because it is largely consistent across documents and applications and because it is fast, effortless, and costless already included with the application.
As for which sections of a document "count" toward the total such as footnotesendnotesabstractsreference lists and bibliographiestablesfigure captions, hidden textthe person in charge teacher, client can define their choice, and users students, workers can simply select or exclude the elements accordingly, and watch the word count automatically update.
There are a wide variety of word counting tools available online. As explained earlierdifferent word counting programs may give varying results, depending on the text segmentation rule details.
The exact number of words often is not a strict requirement, thus the variation is acceptable. In fiction[ edit ] Novelist Jane Smiley suggests that length is an important quality of the novel. There are no firm rules:If you've ever wanted to write a novella, here are some reasons why it's a form of fiction that's definitely worth your time!
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Striving to Know is a quick-read. At a small private college, as . THE SPIKE.
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