Synopsis Exposition A mosaic depicting Odysseusfrom the villa of La OlmedaPedrosa de la VegaSpain, late 4th-5th centuries AD The Odyssey begins after the end of the ten-year Trojan War the subject of the Iliadand Odysseus has still not returned home from the war because he angered the god, Poseidon. Odysseus' son Telemachus is about 20 years old and is sharing his absent father's house on the island of Ithaca with his mother Penelope and a crowd of boisterous young men, "the Suitors", whose aim is to persuade Penelope to marry one of them, all the while reveling in Odysseus' palace and eating up his wealth. Odysseus' protectress, the goddess Athenarequests to Zeusking of the godsto finally allow Odysseus to return home when Odysseus' enemy, the god of the sea Poseidonis absent from Mount Olympus to accept a sacrifice in Ethiopia.
Though, Penelope was comfort with the news of the beggar, she dismissed such hope. The next day in the banquet hall, Penelope had decided to take one of the suitors as her husband, if that suitor could string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through rings of twelve axes in a row.
According to Homer, he tells that Iphitus had given the bow to Odysseus, when the hero was a young man. The bow had belonged to Iphitus' father, Eurytus, the king of Oechalia.
Eurytus had been killed by Apollo. But according to the story of HeraclesHeracles had killed Iphitus after the twelve labours, but Homer says that Zeus had killed Iphitus.
Later, in his battle against Oechalia, Heracles killed Eurytusbefore Heracles' own death. Odysseus never took this bow with him to the war in Troy. See Death of Iphitus and the Death of Heracles. Telemachus saw the advantage of taking his revenge upon the suitors, said that he would see if he was strong enough to string his father's bow.
His excuse was to test his manly strength. Telemachus failed to string the bow, but he was closer than anyone to being successful. Failing this, Telemachus handed the bow, for each suitor to try.
While the suitors were unsuccessfully trying to string the bow, Odysseus revealed himself to two faithful servants, Eumaeus the swineherd and Philoetius the cowman. Odysseus told them of his plan for revenge.
The two servants secretly barred the doors within hall, to prevent the suitors from escaping.
|SparkNotes: The Odyssey: Books 1–2||Hire Writer Telemachus, now displaying the initial signs of dignity and determination and living life with purpose for the first time, orders the suitors to return to their own homes.|
|Telemachus - Wikipedia||He visits Eumaeusthe swineherd, who happens to be hosting a disguised Odysseus. Telemachus then returns to the palace to keep an eye on the suitors and to await his father as the beggar.|
They also secretly removed the rest of the weapons from the hall. When all the suitors had failed the test, to string the bow, Odysseus offered to try stringing the bow.
The suitors protested, but Penelope insisted that all would be allow and try their hands on the bow. Telemachus sends her mother back to her apartment, while the servants began locking the doors to the courtyard. Receiving the bow, Odysseus effortlessly strung the bow, plucking the string as if he was tuning the lute.
Then without stirring from his position, Odysseus unerringly shot the arrow through the twelve axes. The suitors were astonished at the beggar's strength and marksmanship.
Athena immediately removed Odysseus' disguise, and restore Odysseus' face. After revealing his identity to the suitors, his next arrow killed Antinous and then Eurymachus. The suitors panic, as Odysseus shot down the suitors with his deadly arrows.
Some of the suitors managed to find weapons, because the treacherous goatherd, Melantheus, had revealed the location of the hidden weapons.
Eumaeus and Philoetius discovered the goatherd's treachery; they caught and bound Melantheus, so that Odysseus could deal with him later.
Even when Odysseus ran out of arrows, he killed them with spear, sword or axe.Telemachus has not yet inherited his father’s brassy pride either. The scene with the bow captures the endpoint of his development perfectly. He tries and tries to string it, and very nearly does, but not quite.
This episode reminds us that, at the close of the Odyssey, Telemachus still cannot match his father’s skills but is well on his way.
Telemachus (/ t ə ˈ l ɛ m ə k ə s / tə-LEM-ə-kəs; Ancient Greek: Τηλέμαχος Tēlemakhos, literally "far-fighter") is a figure in Greek mythology, the son of Odysseus and Penelope, and a central character in Homer's Odyssey.
The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Penelope learns of their plans and Telemachus' journey, and grieves. She calls for help from Athena, who visits her in a dream as Penelope's sister. She assures Penelope she. Goddess Although Homer invokes only one, there were nine goddesses of artistic inspiration, known collectively as the Muses.
They were rarely worshipped but often called upon by poets, particularly bards, since they aided memory as well as creative spark. epic An epic is a long poem recounting the adventures of a hero in a grand or elevated style.
Telemachus is among the suitors in his fathers house. Epic Hero- Telemachus He is the protagonist in the story who is the center of the conflict and is the one to eventually solve it. Herald- Athena The herald is Athena, because she is the one who prompted the journey to Telemachus.
Athena helped Telemachus to get into the special world. Just an infant when his father left for Troy, Telemachus is still maturing when the Odyssey begins.
He is wholly devoted to his mother and to maintaining his father’s estate, but he does not know how to protect them from the suitors.