The geography population and economics of china

Several Asian nations face many of those problems. Although its annual growth rate of 1. Some of the Asian nations are growing at even higher rates than the average for Asia, particularly in Southwest Asia.

The geography population and economics of china

But it was only in — when Deng Xiaoping introduced capitalist market principles —that the Chinese economy began to show massive growth, averaging 10 percent GDP growth over the last 30 years.

Economic reforms started with the initial focus on collectivizing agricultural activities in the country. The leaders of the Chinese economy, during the s and s, were trying to change the centre of agriculture from farming to household activities.

The reforms also extended to the liberalization of prices, in a gradual manner. The process of fiscal decentralization soon followed. As part of the reforms, more independence was granted to business enterprises that were owned by the state government.

This meant government officials at local levels and managers of various plants had more authority than before. This led to the creation of a number of various types of privately held enterprises within the services sector, as well as the light manufacturing sectors.

The banking system was also diversified, and Chinese stock markets started to develop and grow as economic reforms in China took hold. China has adopted a slow but steady method in implementing economic reforms.

The latest set of reforms, known as the 12th Five-Year Plan, was adopted in Marchemphasising continued economic reforms and the need to increase domestic consumption in order to make the economy less dependent on exports in the future.

The geography population and economics of china

The Chinese government faces numerous economic challenges, including: Economic Geography China is the 4th largest country in the world, measuring 9, sq km.

The Chinese economy is better understood as a decentralised collection of several regional economies, with large imbalances between the rural and urban population. The three wealthiest and most important economic regions are all on the east coast: It is the rapid development of these areas that is expected to have the most significant effect on the Asian regional economy as a whole, and Chinese government policy is designed to remove the obstacles to accelerated growth in these wealthier regions.

Over the past two decades however, China has embarked on an ambitious program of expressway network expansion. By facilitating market integration, this program aims both to promote efficiency at the national level and to contribute to the catch-up of lagging inland regions with prosperous Eastern ones.

Given its vast land area, China is home to large amounts of natural resources. According to some reports, China has deposits of every one of the minerals found so far in the natural world.

Population distribution

Of these, more than 20 rank in the forefront of the world. Ranking first in the world, in proven deposits, are 12 minerals: China also ranks third in the world in the deposit of 45 important minerals.

The official unemployment rate for China inprovided by government statistics, was 4. This is also reflected in the fact that China has maintained an unemployment rate of 4 to 4.

The geography population and economics of china

Some economists say China will face a dwindling pool of young workers in the coming years, as a result of its notorious One-Child Policy.

By some estimates, the proportion of Chinese overs in the population will rise from the current 11 percent to 28 percent by The labour pool also shrank by 3. But despite a population growth rate of just 0. InBeijing set up the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission as a watchdog to expand and strengthen large industrial state enterprises.

Revenues have also soared from 3.China’s economic freedom score is , making its economy the th freest in the Index.

Its overall score has increased by point, with higher scores for government integrity and. More Facts about China. China instituted a One Child Policy in to control its growing population; The majority of Chinese are non-denominational in religion, but 10% are Buddhist; China's population is expected to peak in at billion.

India will surpass China as the world's most populous country in References. Central Intelligence Agency. China’s economic freedom score is , making its economy the th freest in the Index. Its overall score has increased by point, with higher scores for government integrity and. Despite the high population density reflected on the map, China is not an urban society even though its total urban population (,,) exceeds the actual total population of the United States.

(The urban population of the U.S. is approximately ,,, some 75% of the country's total; many Americans, of course, live in suburban.


Dec 31,  · How Demography, Economics & Geography Will Limit China's Growing Power In Salvatore Babones Contributor i Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. Mar 13,  · 1 The Most Significant Effects of China's Geography Upon Its Economic and Cultural Development.

China has had an interesting and complex 5, years of development and any selection of the historical events during that period is bound to be incomplete and potentially biased.

Geography of China - Wikipedia