Blog The Second Great Awakening By the beginning of the 19th century, traditional Christian beliefs were held in less favor by numerous educated Americans.
The part played by religion in the shaping of the American mind, while sometimes overstated, remains crucial.
|What was the Great Awakening?||Ahlstrom noted, the Great Awakening "was still to come, ushered in by the Grand Itinerant",  the British evangelist George Whitefield.|
|Keep Exploring Britannica||The dramatic incident caused him to refer to himself later in life as a "brand plucked from the burning. In the s, a religious revival swept through the British American colonies.|
|If you like our content, please share it on social media!||Religious Transformation and the Second Great Awakening Both blacks and women began to participate in evangelical revivals associated with the Second Great Awakening at the end of the 18th century.|
|Second Great Awakening - Wikipedia||United States History The Second Great Awakening By the beginning of the 19th century, traditional Christian beliefs were held in less favor by numerous educated Americans.|
|What was the Great Awakening? The Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal that swept the American Colonies, particularly New England, during the first half of the 18th Century.|
Over the first century and a half of colonial life, the strong religious impulses present in the original… A number of conditions in the colonies contributed to the revival: The revival took place primarily among the Dutch Reformed, Congregationalists, Presbyterians, Baptists, and some Anglicans, almost all of whom were Calvinists.
The Great Awakening has been seen, therefore, as a development toward an evangelical Calvinism. One of the great figures of the movement was George Whitefieldan Anglican priest who was influenced by John Wesley but was himself a Calvinist.
Visiting America in —40, he preached up and down the colonies to vast crowds in open fields, because no church building would hold the throngs he attracted.
Although he gained many converts, he was attacked, as were other revival clergy, for criticizing the religious experience of others, for stimulating emotional excesses and dangerous religious delusionsand for breaking into and preaching in settled parishes without proper invitation by ecclesiastical authorities.
Jonathan Edwards was the great academician and apologist of the Great Awakening. A Congregational pastor at Northampton, Massachusetts, he preached justification by faith alone with remarkable effectiveness.
He also attempted to redefine the psychology of religious experience and to help those involved in the revival to discern what were true and false works of the Spirit of God. His chief opponent was Charles Chauncya liberal pastor of the First Church in Boston, who wrote and preached against the revival, which he considered an outbreak of extravagant emotion.
The Great Awakening stemmed the tide of Enlightenment rationalism among a great many people in the colonies. One of its results was division within denominations, for some members supported the revival and others rejected it. The revival stimulated the growth of several educational institutions, including Princeton, Brown, and Rutgers universities and Dartmouth College.
The increase of dissent from the established churches during this period led to a broader toleration of religious diversityand the democratization of the religious experience fed the fervour that resulted in the American Revolution.
Edwards maintained that the Spirit of God withdrew from Northampton in the s, and some supporters found that the revival came to an end in that decade. Generally less emotional than the Great Awakening, the Second Awakening led to the founding of colleges and seminaries and to the organization of mission societies.
Kentucky was also influenced by a revival during this period. The custom of camp-meeting revivals developed out of the Kentucky revival and was an influence on the American frontier during the 19th century.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The Great Awakening of was a period of intense religious revivalism that spread throughout the American colonies. The movement deemphasized the higher authority of church doctrine and instead put a greater importance on the individual and his or her spiritual experience.
The Second Great Awakening exerted a lasting impact on American society, more than any other revival.
While its fervor abated, it left a legacy of many established churches, democratization and social reform. Written by an AP history student from Connecticut, and published by the Concord Review, this examination of the Great Awakening is the type of work that makes teachers drool.
It's a fantastic overview of the root causes and repercussions of the Great Awakening. A summary of the First Great Awakening, its cause, and effect on American history. Great Awakening: Great Awakening, religious revival in the British American colonies mainly between about and the ’40s.
It was a part of the religious ferment that swept western Europe in the latter part of the 17th century and early 18th century, referred to as . Written by an AP history student from Connecticut, and published by the Concord Review, this examination of the Great Awakening is the type of work that makes teachers drool.
It's a fantastic overview of the root causes and repercussions of the Great Awakening.